Model of Coronavirus

About Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a respiratory illness that is spreading from person to person. The virus spreads mainly between people who are in close contact with one another (within about 6 feet) through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person speaks, sings, coughs or sneezes.

The COVID-19 virus is not that same as the coronaviruses that commonly circulate among humans and cause mild illness, like the common cold.

Those who are 5+ can get vaccinated to protect themselves and their loved ones from COVID-19. Those who are unvaccinated or partially vaccinated are recommended to continue masking and social distancing in most situations.

COVID-19 Symptoms

Mild symptoms of COVID-19 include fever, cough, headache, runny nose, loss of sense of smell/taste, sore throat, and/or diarrhea. If you have mild symptoms you should seek testing

Call 9-1-1 or go to the emergency room if you have severe symptoms, including difficulty breathing, chest pain, confusion, fever that doesn't respond to medication.

 Schedule a COVID-19 Test

If you are experiencing COVID-19 symptoms, you should self-isolate and get tested.

If You Test Positive

Stay Home if You Are Sick

Help prevent the spread of disease by staying home except to get medical care. Stay home for at least 5 days after testing positive for COVID-19. End isolation after 5 full days if you are fever-free for 24 hours without the use of fever-reducing medication and your symptoms are improving. Wear a well-fitting mask around others for the following five days.

Wear a well-fitted mask at home if you must be around others.

Contact Tracing
  • If you test positive, a case worker may reach out to you. 
  • APH case investigators will never ask for Social Security, Medicaid, insurance, immigration, or financial information. 
  • If you believe you are receiving a scam call, request the name, title, and call back number and you can verify the information with the City of Austin by calling 311 to ask for that person. 
  • Contact tracing helps prevent further transmission of COVID-19 by identifying, monitoring and supporting individuals who have been exposed

When To Quarantine

Review this flowchart to determine how long to quarantine after being exposed to COVID-19.

If you are up-to-date with vaccinations or tested positive for COVID-19 within the past 90 days, you do not need to quarantine unless symptoms develop. Get tested at least 5 days after you last had close contact with someone who had COVID-19. Wear a well-fitted mask for 10 days any time you're around others inside your home or in public.

If you are not up-to-date with vaccinations, stay at home and quarantine for at least 5 full days. Get tested at least five days after you last had close contact with someone who had COVID-19. After 5 days you can leave quarantine, but wear a well-fitted mask when around others. Isolate immediately if you develop symptoms.

Treatments: Monoclonal Infusions 

For Treatment

Omicron has numerous mutations in the spike protein that has reduced the efficacy of several of the monoclonal antibodies, especially bamlanivimab plus etesevimab and casirivimad plus imdevimab. Sotrovimab does have 85% hospitalization risk reduction against omicron. For referral to the Regional Infusion Center (RIC) for MAB treatment, click here.

For Preexposure Prophylaxis:

The MAC clinic is treating Central Texas patients eligible for Evusheld, a monoclonal antibody for preexposure prophylaxis used in adults and children 12y or older weighing at least 40kg, with moderate to severe immunocompromise or who receive immunosuppressive medications and may not mount an adequate response to a Covid-19 vaccination. Evusheld is not for treatment of Covid-19.

Providers are required to have a clinical conversation regarding risk and benefits with their patient before completing and submitting the referral form. For HIPAA compliant referral to the Prep MAC Clinic for Evusheld therapy, click here.

EVUSHELDTM – Clinical Considerations

  • Not authorized for treatment of COVID-19, nor for post-exposure prophylaxis of COVID19 in individuals who have been exposed to someone infected with SARS-CoV-2.
  • Pre-exposure prophylaxis with EVUSHELD is not a substitute for vaccination in individuals for whom COVID-19 vaccination is recommended.
  • In individuals who have received a COVID-19 vaccine, EVUSHELD should be administered at least two weeks after vaccination.
  • Examples of medical conditions or treatments that may result in moderate to severe immune compromise and an inadequate immune response to COVID-19 vaccination are provided in the Health Care Provider Fact Sheet.

Health Care Provider Fact Sheet

Convalescent Plasma Donation

If you have recovered from COVID-19 and have been without symptoms for at least fourteen days, you can help a COVID-19 patient in our community by donating whole blood or platelets at We Are Blood.