Monkeypox is a viral disease that spreads by close contact. Anyone can get monkeypox regardless of gender identity or sexual orientation. 

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syringe iconMonkeypox Vaccines

  • Austin-Travis County’s supply of the JYNNEOS monkeypox vaccine is currently limited. 
  • APH is currently prioritizing available vaccines for people who are at high risk, following the required criteria of DSHS and CDC.

alert icon Complete the monkeypox vaccine eligibility verification form here to schedule a FREE appointment online.

Find a monkeypox vaccine provider

Learn more about monkeypox vaccine eligibility.


Monkeypox Testing

  • If you have symptoms, see your health care provider for testing.
  • If you do not have a provider, call APH's Information Line at 512-972-5560.  
  • You can only get tested for monkeypox if you are experiencing rash symptoms.

Testing involves a provider taking a swab of a lesion, therefore, you can only get tested if you have lesions. Only your provider, not APH, can give you the test result. While you are waiting for your test result, which can take a few days, isolate yourself from others. 

Monkeypox Symptoms

A person cannot spread monkeypox unless they have symptoms. Monkeypox is part of the same family of viruses as smallpox, but symptoms are milder, and monkeypox is rarely fatal.

Symptoms can include

  • Fever, Headache, Muscle aches and backache  
  • Swollen lymph nodes, Chills  
  • Exhaustion  
  • A rash that can look like pimples or blisters that appears on the face, inside the mouth, and on other parts of the body, like the hands/palms, feet/soles of feet, chest, genitals, or anus.  
  • The rash goes through different stages before healing completely. The illness typically lasts 2-4 weeks. 

If you have symptoms, seek medical care immediately. If you do not have a primary health care provider you can call APH's Information Line at 512-972-5560If you or your partners feel sick or have any rashes or sores, avoid sex and gatherings, especially if they involve close skin-to-skin contact or prolonged face-to-face contact, and see a healthcare provider to get checked out. This is always a good plan, even if a rash or illness is unrelated to monkeypox

 Visual Examples of Monkeypox Rash

Photos showing different examples of monkeypox rash on skin.

 

How Monkeypox Spreads

Monkeypox is rare and does not spread easily between people without close contact. Unlike COVID-19, people who do not have monkeypox symptoms cannot spread the virus to others. 

Monkeypox is spread through: 

  • Direct contact with monkeypox sores on skin, in the mouth on the genitals or anus, scabs, and rashes through intimate or skin-to-skin contact such as kissing, cuddling, wrestling, or sex. 
  • Contact with objects or fabrics (e.g., clothing, bedding, towels) that have been used by someone with monkeypox. 
  • Respiratory droplets or oral fluids from someone with monkeypox; historically, these respiratory droplets can only travel a few feet, and are of primary concern among those who have very close face-to-face prolonged contact. 

Monkeypox does not spread from person to person through:  

  • Walking by someone who is infected  
  • Casual conversation with someone infected
Lowering Your Risk for Monkeypox

Here are some things people can consider to decrease their risk for monkeypox: 

  • Decreasing the number of sex and intimate contact partners.
  • Not going to places like bathhouses or other public sex venues.
  • Avoiding raves, parties, or clubs where people wear minimal clothing and where there is direct, intimate, skin-to-skin contact. For those who attend these events or venues, avoid coming into contact with rashes or sores you see on others and minimize skin-to-skin contact when possible. 
  • Events where attendees are fully clothed and unlikely to share skin-to-skin contact are safer. However, attendees should be mindful of activities (like kissing) that might spread monkeypox. 

As this is a newer outbreak, public health entities nationally and internationally are still learning about the potential networks or behaviors that may put people at increased risk, and APH will continue to share information with the community as we learn more.


 Treatment icon Treatment

The antiviral drug tecovirimat (TPOXX) has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat smallpox in adults and children. Drugs developed to treat smallpox may be used to treat monkeypox. 

TPOXX requires a prescription. If you need TPOXX, contact your doctor. Your doctor will work with the local or state health department to get you TPOXX. 

For ways to treat and relieve symptoms, please see the CDC website for ways to manage your monkeypox symptoms


 data info icon Monkeypox Cases in Travis County

Travis County monkeypox case counts will be updated on Mondays.

As of December 5, 2022

254 confirmed monkeypox/orthopoxvirus cases.

Find state and national totals here.

The Texas Department of State Health Services (DSHS) tests for orthopoxvirus. Positive orthopoxvirus cases are considered presumptive monkeypox cases. Samples are sent to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) where they are confirmed through additional tests.