Elizabeth (Lizzie) Johnson Williams

Mar 12, 2021 - 11:30 am

Known for much of her life as “Lizzie,” and most famously as the ‘Cattle Queen of Texas’ Elizabeth Johnson Williams was born in 1840 in Missouri and moved in 1844 with her family to Texas. Once they settled in Hayes County, her parents founded the Johnson Institute, a private secondary school. Lizzie graduated from her parent’s school and went on to earn her degree in 1859 from the Chappell Hill Female College in Washington County. Following this, she returned to the Johnson Institute to begin a teaching career. She went on to establish her own primary school in Austin and teach at Lockhart, Pleasant Hill School, Parson's Seminary in Manor, and Oak Grove Academy in Austin.

Though teaching was her main career, also worked as a bookkeeper for prominent cattlemen and investors in the area, including George W. Littlefield, William H. Day, and Charles W. Whitis. While working in this business she realized that there was a great deal of money to be made in the cattle industry. So, in 1871 she registered the cattle brand ‘CY’ under her own name and promptly purchased some land in Hays County.

When she married Hezekiah Williams in 1879, she did so with a prenuptial contract that kept her land, cattle, and financial affairs in her own name and under her own control. And while a lot of the land that was acquired after her marriage was done in her husband’s name, she is thought to have been the controlling influence of the business dealings. In fact, when they rode the Chisolm Trail together, they each drove their own herds. And while she was not the only woman to drive the cattle trail, she was the first to do it with her own cattle under her own brand.  

This was very much a good thing as Hezekiah was not as skilled in business as Lizzie was and he may have transferred his property to Lizzie as far back as 1896. However, the paperwork was not filed and recorded until his health started failing. After he died in 1914, Lizzie became reclusive and was seen as an eccentric. Because she developed a reputation for being miserly and often appeared impoverished, it came as a surprise to many that when she died in 1924 that she was worth a quarter of a million dollars and had property in several counties.  

Now buried in Oakwood next to her husband, Lizzie William’s impact on Texas and Women’s History is undoubtable and she was inducted into the National Cowgirl Hall of Fame and Museum in 2013